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Kristen Stewart and Daily Hot Shots

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Kristen Stewart and Daily Hot Shots

Kristen Stewart takes a break from filming New Moon to unveil her latest indie flick in L.A.

Kristen Stewart, Premiere of Adventureland, Los Angeles, Twilight, New Moon

Kristen Stewart

Kristen Stewart took a break from filming New Moon in Canada to head south for the Hollywood premiere of Adventureland, held at Mann’s Chinese Theater in Los Angeles. Stewart got support from Twilight series co-star Nikki Reed at the debut of the indie flick, which first premiered at the Sundance Film Festival in January.

Sarah Jessica Parker, On the set of Did You Hear About The Morgans?, New York City

Sarah Jessica Parker

While Sex and The City fans await news about the planned sequel to the big screen flick, Sarah Jessica Parker started work on the set of Did You hear About The Morgans? in New York City. The

Leighton Meester, Chace Crawford, On location for Gossip Girl, New York City

Leighton Meester and Chace Crawford

In New York City, Leighton Meester and Chace Crawford appeared to be having a romantic reunion as they filmed a scene for Gossip Girl at the famed Plaza Hotel. Meester also locked lips with Ed Westwick (not pictured) during the afternoon shoot.

Rachel Bilson, Jergens Glow in the Dark launch, Los Angeles

Rachel Bilson

In Beverly Hills, Rachel Bilson got graphic in a navy and white 3.1 Phillip Lim dress when she helped beauty brand Jergens and The Skin Cancer Foundation to announce the second year of their Glow In The Dark program.

Reese Witherspoon, Jake Gyllenhaal, Sighting in Paris

Reese Witherspoon and Jake Gyllenhaal

Reese Witherspoon and Jake Gyllenhaal continued their Parisian getaway with shopping at Nina Ricci and a drink at the famed Cafe de Flore in the city’s oh-so-chic Saint-Germain- des-Prés neighborhood.

Demi Moore, Screening of Streak, Miami International Film Festival

Demi Moore

Demi Moore was in a sunny mood when she screened her short film, Streak, at the 2009 Miami International Film Festival in Florida. Moore took to her Twitter account to announce that the film—her directorial debut—”played well, great response. Whew really happy!”

Taylor Momsen, Daisy Lowe, Launch of Carrera sunglasses collection, New York City

Taylor Momsen and Daisy Lowe

Gossip Girl Taylor Momsen and model Daisy Lowe—whose father is rocker Gavin Rossdale—had it made in their shades at the launch of the new Carrera vintage-inspired sunglasses collection, held at the Angel Orensanz Foundation in N.Y.C.


March 23, 2009 Posted by | Uncategorized | 1 Comment

World Water Day

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World Water Day

The international observance of World Water Day is an initiative that grew out of the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro.

Theme 2009: Transboundary water In 2009, the focus of World Water Day on March 22 will be on transboundary waters: sharing water, sharing opportunities. UNECE and UNESCO are the lead UN agencies this year.
Past Water Day Images:
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https://i0.wp.com/i114.photobucket.com/albums/n275/travellime/Water_for_Life_SurfShot_final.jpg
https://i1.wp.com/www.nature.com/news/specials/water/images/main_bg.jpg
https://i1.wp.com/www.adrants.com/images/world_water_day_sink.jpg


March 23, 2009 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Beautiful Microscopic Images from Inside the Human Body

Get up close and personal with your innards with these 15 amazing 3D-body shots. Almost all of the following images were captured using a scanning electron microscope (SEM), a type of electron microscope that uses a beam of high-energy electrons to scan surfaces of images. The electron beam of the SEM interacts with atoms near or at the surface of the sample to be viewed, resulting in a very high-resolution, 3D-image. Magnification levels range from x 25 (about the same as a hand lens) to about x 250,000. Incredible details of 1 to 5 nm in size can be detected.

Max Knoll was the first person to create an SEM image of silicone steel in 1935; over the next 30 years, a number of scientists worked to further develop the instrument, and in 1965 the first SEM was delivered to DuPont by the Cambridge Instrument Company as the “Stereoscan.”

Here you’ll experience the power of SEM in a journey of self-discovery that starts in your head, travels down through the chest and ends in the bowels of the abdomen. Along the way, you’ll see what’s normal, what happens when cells are twisted by cancer and what it looks like when an egg meets sperm for the first time. You’ll never see yourself the same way again.

1. Red blood cells
Tons of blood cells
Image: Annie Cavanagh, Wellcome Images

They look like little cinnamon candies here, but they’re actually the most common type of blood cell in the human body – red blood cells (RBCs). These biconcave-shaped cells have the tall task of carrying oxygen to our entire body; in women there are about 4 to 5 million RBCs per microliter (cubic millimeter) of blood and about 5 to 6 million in men. People who live at higher altitudes have even more RBCs because of the low oxygen levels in their environment.

2. Split end of human hair
Split end of human hair
Image: Liz Hirst, Wellcome Images

Regular trimmings to your hair and good conditioner should help to prevent this unsightly picture of a split end of a human hair.

3. Purkinje neurons
Purkinje neurons
Image: Annie Cavanagh, Wellcome Images

Of the 100 billion neurons in your brain, Purkinje neurons are some of the largest. Among other things, these cells are the masters of motor coordination in the cerebellar cortex. Toxic exposure such as alcohol and lithium, autoimmune diseases, genetic mutations including autism and neurodegenerative diseases can negatively affect human Purkinje cells.

4. Hair cell in the ear
Hair cell in ear
Image: Wellcome Photo Library, Wellcome Images

Here’s what it looks like to see a close-up of human hair cell stereocilia inside the ear. These detect mechanical movement in response to sound vibrations.

5. Blood vessels emerging from the optic nerve
Blood vessels emerging from the optic nerve
Image: Freya Mowat, Wellcome Images

In this image, stained retinal blood vessels are shown to emerge from the black-coloured optic disc. The optic disc is a blind spot because no light receptor cells are present in this area of the retina where the optic nerve and retinal blood vessels leave the back of the eye.

6. Tongue with taste bud
Tongue with taste bud
Image: David Gregory Debbie Marshall, Wellcome Images

This colour-enhanced image depicts a taste bud on the tongue. The human tongue has about 10,000 taste buds that are involved with detecting salty, sour, bitter, sweet and savoury taste perceptions.

7. Tooth plaque
Tooth plaque
Image: David Gregory Debbie Marshall, Wellcome Images

Brush your teeth often because this is what the surface of a tooth with a form of “corn-on-the- cob” plaque looks like.

Remember that picture of the nice, uniform shapes of red blood cells you just looked at? Well, here’s what it looks like when those same cells get caught up in the sticky web of a blood clot. The cell in the middle is a white blood cell.

9. Alveoli in the lung
Scanning Electron micrograph of alveoli in the lung
Image: David Gregory Debbie Marshall, Wellcome Images

This is what a colour-enhanced image of the inner surface of your lung looks like. The hollow cavities are alveoli; this is where gas exchange occurs with the blood.

10. Lung cancer cells
Lung cancer cells
Image: Anne Weston, Wellcome Images

This image of warped lung cancer cells is in stark contrast to the healthy lung in the previous picture.

11. Villi of small intestine
Villi of small instestine
Image: Professor Alan Boyde, Wellcome Images

Villi in the small intestine increase the surface area of the gut, which helps in the absorption of food. Look closely and you’ll see some food stuck in one of the crevices.

12. Human egg with coronal cells
Human egg with coronal cells
Image: Yorgos Nikas, Wellcome Images

This image is of a purple, colour-enhanced human egg sitting on a pin. The egg is coated with the zona pellicuda, a glycoprotein that protects the egg but also helps to trap and bind sperm. Two coronal cells are attached to the zona pellicuda.

13. Sperm on the surface of a human egg
Sperm on surface of human egg
Image: Yorgos Nikas, Wellcome Images

Here’s a close-up of a number of sperm trying to fertilise an egg.

15. Human embryo and sperm
Human embryo and sperm
Image: Dr. David Becker, Wellcome Images

It looks like the world at war, but it’s actually five days after the fertilisation of an egg, with some remaining sperm cells still sticking around. This fluorescent image was captured using a confocal microscope. The embryo and sperm cell nuclei are stained purple while sperm tails are green. The blue areas are gap junctions, which form connections between the cells.

15. Coloured image of a 6 day old human embryo implanting
6 day old human embryo implanting
Image: Yorgos Nikas, Wellcome Images

And the cycle of life begins again: this 6 day old human embryo is beginning to implant into the endometrium, the lining of the uterus.


March 21, 2009 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Undersea eruptions near Tonga

Scientists sailed out to have a closer look at the eruptions of an undersea volcano off the coast of Tonga in the South Pacific Ocean today. Tonga’s head geologist, Kelepi Mafi, said there was no apparent danger to residents of Nuku’alofa and others living on the main island of Tongatapu. Officials also said it may be related to a quake with a magnitude of 4.4 which struck last March 13 around 35 kilometers from the capital at a depth of nearly 150 kilometres. (this is an off-day posting, but really, thought the images were worth it)

An undersea volcano erupts off the coast of Tonga, sending plumes of steam, ash and smoke up to 100 meters into the air, on March 18, 2009, off the coast of Nuku’Alofa, Tonga. (Dana Stephenson/Getty Images)

An undersea volcano erupts off the coast of Tonga, tossing clouds of smoke, steam and ash thousands of meters into the sky above the South Pacific ocean, Tuesday, March 17, 2009. The eruption was at sea about 10 kilometers from the southwest coast of the main island of Tongatapu, an area where up to 36 undersea volcanoes are clustered. (AP Photo/Trevor Gregory)

First in a series of undersea volcano eruption photos off the coast of Tonga, taken March 18th by photographer Dana Stephenson. (Dana Stephenson/Getty Images)

Second in a series of undersea volcano eruption photos off the coast of Tonga, taken March 18th by photographer Dana Stephenson. (Dana Stephenson/Getty Images)

Third in a series of undersea volcano eruption photos off the coast of Tonga, taken March 18th by photographer Dana Stephenson. (Dana Stephenson/Getty Images)

Fourth in a series of undersea volcano eruption photos off the coast of Tonga, taken March 18th by photographer Dana Stephenson. (Dana Stephenson/Getty Images)

Fifth in a series of undersea volcano eruption photos off the coast of Tonga, taken March 18th by photographer Dana Stephenson. (Dana Stephenson/Getty Images)

Sixth in a series of undersea volcano eruption photos off the coast of Tonga, taken March 18th by photographer Dana Stephenson. (Dana Stephenson/Getty Images)

An undersea volcano erupts about 10 kilometers off the Tongatapu coast of Tonga sending plumes of steam and smoke hundreds of meters into the air. (LOTHAR SLABON/AFP/Getty Images)

10

An undersea volcano erupts off the coast of Tonga on March 18, 2009. (Dana Stephenson/Getty Images)

An undersea volcano erupts off the coast of Tonga on March 18, 2009. (Dana Stephenson/Getty Images)

The plume of an erupting undersea volcano is seen off the coast of Nuku’Alofa, Tonga on March 18, 2009. (Dana Stephenson/Getty Images)

March 21, 2009 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Train Wrecks

Train Wrecks!

These are wicked and miserable accidents and derailments, some of them large-scale, caused by a single error of machinist or controller, big enough to be recorded in history books… And yet, multitudes of bystanders keep looking upon such carnage with morbid fascination, lost in time and perhaps in their mind, wondering what really took place and how the catastrophe unfolded.

Your faithful black-n-white silent-movie renditions of these events… trains were more widespread than automobiles, so train wrecks were all over the place:


(images via)
Train wreck at Montparnasse in Paris, France, 1895:

(image credit: Studio Lévy and Sons)
Train wreck in Ukraine, ca 1917:

(image credit: Voron)
Wreckage of Soviet Army train on the way to World War II battle lines, and a wreck of the German supply train:


(images credit: Olgacir)

(image via)
Poor Thomas the Tank Engine… did this really happen? (ask Ringo Starr who did a narration on the original series) –

(image via)
But then again, our ancestors were able to laugh about it, too:

(image via)
Modern Times
Some of the nameless Russian train wrecks (not much information about those, sadly). Pictures via Russian RailRoad Club:













(images via Ankornil, RailRoad Club)
Unintended condensation caused the car full of vapors to collapse upon itself (implode):
“The general-purpose tank car in the photo below was being steam cleaned in preparation for maintenance. The job was still in progress at the end of the shift so the employee cleaning the car decided to block in the steam. The car had no vacuum relief so as it cooled, the steam condensed and the car imploded.” Keep in mind that steam has around 1600 times the volume of condensed water – also see the video!

“No one can serve two masters…”

(image via)
All over the place… (this accident happened in June 2006 in Toronto, Canada, no one was hurt) –


(image credit: TopFlight)
Nowhere to go, can’t backup either:

(image via)
Canadian National engines vs. a landslide:

Climbing higher, and higher… No brakes on this “metro” train in Hungary:

(image via)

(original unknown)
More than 1,000 repurposed New York City Subway cars were sunk off the eastern seaboard – to serve as a sort of a marine barrier, and as a playground for scuba divers:

(read more info)
These kinds of accidents often go “unsung” and unnoticed by the general public, and my guess is, a lot of them still happen, blamed on brakes, or human error:



(images via)
I wonder what happened here? Just vandalism?

(image via)
This one has quite a ways to go down… “The high winds of 17 February 2006 have pushed this freight train off off of its tracks while it was crossing a bridge over the St-Laurence River on its way Montreal.” –

(image credit: Andre Nantel)
Encountering something bigger than itself… a humbling and shattering experience:

(image via)
When used train cars can no longer be serviceable, they get transformed (in a very practical-minded Russia, of course) into trailers and…. churches:

Disappearing into nothing; what awaits around the corner? –

(original unknown)
Breath easy – this is Photoshop:

(image credit: Worth1000
Utterly Surreal: Tilt-Shift Train Wrecks
These are not models, these are photos of the actual super-wreck (which happened in Galt IL, May 3, 2005) re-touched with Photoshop trickery:


(images credit: AstroChimp, see the whole set here)

March 19, 2009 Posted by | Uncategorized | 1 Comment

Smoking Kills

 

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      March 18, 2009 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

      Events in Pictures

      Balinese wear traditional costume on the first day of campaigning for the general election

      People on the Indonesian island of Bali take part in a procession on the first day of campaigning for the country’s general election.

      Bangladeshi labourers in Saver, on the outskirts of Dhaka

      Bangladeshi women at work in fields near the village of Saver, on the outskirts of Dhaka.

      Two macaws in Bangkok's Dusit Zoo, Thailand

      Two colourful macaws battle over a piece of food in Dusit Zoo in the Thai capital, Bangkok.

      Iftikhar Chaudhry surrounded by jubiliant lawyers

      Reinstated at last. Pakistan’s government agrees to restore sacked top judge Iftikhar Chaudhry (centre) after mass protests.

      Supporters of former prime minister Nawaz Sharif dance in the streets of Gujrawala, Pakistan

      Another day of protest turned to celebration at news that Mr Chaudhry would resume his old job as Supreme Court chief justice later in March.

      Lawyers grab colourful sweets in the street

      These lawyers in Lahore offered each other traditional sweets as part of the celebrations.


      Residents of Jyotikuchi near Gauhati, in Assam, India, chase a leopard that strayed looking for food. It was later tranquilized.

      March 18, 2009 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

      Amazing Animal Senses

      Amazing Animal Senses

      Visible Light

      Touch

      Sound

      Ultraviolet Light

      Temperature

      Gravity

      Infrared Radiation

      Smells

      Magnetic Fields

      Tastes

      Electric Fields

      Some animals have developed amazing adaptations to their environments. Many different types of energy exist in the environment, some of which humans cannot detect. Here are some examples of how some animals sense the outside world and the anatomical structures that allow them to do so.


      Ants

      • Can detect small movement through 5 cm of earth.
      • Can see polarized light.



      Bats

      • Can detect warmth of an animal from about 16 cm away using its “nose-leaf”.
      • Bats can also find food (insects) up to 18 ft. away and get information about the type of insect using their sense of echolocation.
      • Can hear frequencies between 3,000 and 120,000 Hz.


      Bees

      • Can see light between wavelengths 300 nm and 650 nm.
      • Havechemoreceptors(taste receptors) on their jaws, forelimbs and antennae.
      • Worker honey bees have 5,500 lenses (“ommatidia”) in each eye.
      • Worker honey bees have a ring of iron oxide (“magnetite”) in their abdomens that may be used to detect magnetic fields. They may use this ability to detect changes in the earth’s magnetic field and use it for navigation.
      • Can see polarized light.



      Butterfly

      • Haschemoreceptors(taste receptors) on its feet.
      • The butterfly has hairs on its wings to detect changes in air pressure.
      • Using vision, the butterflyColias can distinguish two points separated by as little as 30 microns. (Humans can distinuguish two points separated by 100 microns.)


      Buzzard

      • Retina has 1 millionphotoreceptors per sq. mm.
      • Can see small rodents from a height of 15,000 ft.



      Cat

      • Has hearing range between 100 and 60,000 Hz.
      • Olfactory membrane about 14 sq. cm. For comparison, humans have an olfactory membrane of about 4 sq. cm.


      Chameleon

      • The eyes of the chameleon can move independently. Therefore, it can see in two different directions at the same time.



      Cockroach

      • Can detect movement as small as 2,000 times the diameter of a hydrogen atom.


      Crab

      • Has hairs on claws and other parts of the body to detect water current and vibration.
      • Many crabs have their eyes on the end of stalks.



      Crayfish

      • Has sensory hairs that can detect movement of 0.1 microns (at 100 Hz frequency).


      Cricket

      • Can hear using their legs; sound waves vibrate a thin membrane on the cricket’s front legs.



      Dog

      • Has olfactory membrane up to 150 sq. cm.
      • Can hear sound as high as 40,000 Hz.


      Dolphin

      • Like bats, dolphins use echolocation for movement and locating objects.
      • Can hear frequencies up to at least 100,000 Hz.



      Dragonfly

      • Eye contains 30,000 lenses.


      Earthworm

      • Entire body covered withchemoreceptors(taste receptors).



      Eagle

      • Eyeball length = 35 mm (human eyeball length = 24 mm)
      • Visual acuityis 2.0 to 3.6 times better (depending on the type of eagel) than that of humans.(Shlaer, R., An eagle’s eye: quality of the retinal image,Science, 176:920-922, 1972.)


      Elephant

      • Has hearing range between 1 and 20,000 Hz. The very low frequency sounds are in the “infrasound” range. Humans cannot hear sounds in the infrasound range.



      Falcon

      • Can see a 10 cm. object from a distance of 1.5 km.
      • Visual acuity is 2.6 times better than human.(Garcia et al., Falcon visual acuity, Science, 192:263-265, 1976.)
      • Can see sharp images even when diving at 100 miles/hr.


      Fish

      • Some can detect the L-serine (a chemical found in the skin of mammals) diluted to 1 part per billion.
      • Have a “lateral line” system consisting ofsense organs(“neuromasts”) in canals along the head and trunk. These receptors are used to detect changes in water pressure and may be used to locate prey and aid movement.
      • Some fish can see into the infrared wavelength of theelectromagnetic spectrum.



      Fish (Catfish)

      • Has 3 or 4 pairs of whiskers, called barbels, to find food. The catfish also has approximately 100,000 taste buds. (Humans have only 10,000 taste buds.)


      Fish (Deep sea)

      • Only have rods in the retina: 25 million rods/sq. mm. Perhaps they need this high density of photoreceptors to detect the dim biolumninescence that exists in theocean depths.



      Fish (Drum Fish)

      • Collects underwatersound vibrationswith an air bladder. The signals are then sent from the air bladder to the “weberian apparatus” in the middle ear and then to theinner ear. Hair cells in the inner ear respond to the vibration and transmit sound information to the fish brain.


      Fish (“Four-eyed Fish” Anableps microlepis)

      • Can see in air and water simultaneously. Each eye is divided by flaps, so there is one opening in the air and one in the water.



      Fly

      • Each eye has 3,000 lenses. (Simmons and Young, 1999)
      • Eye has a flicker fusion rate of 300/sec. Humans have a flicker fusion rate of only 60/sec in bright light and 24/sec in dim light. The flicker fusion rate is the frequency with which the “flicker” of an image cannot be distinguished as an individual event. Like the frame of a movie…if you slowed it down, you would see individual frames. Speed it up and you see a constantly moving image.
      • The small parasitic fly (Ormia ochracea) can locate sounds within a range of only 2o of the midline. (Mason et al., Nature, 410:686-690, 2001)
      • Blowflies taste with 3,000 sensory hairs on their feet.


      Frog

      • Has an eardrum (tympanic membrane) on the outside of the body behind the eye.



      Giant Squid

      • Eye is 25 cm in diameter.
      • Retina can contain up to 1 billion photoreceptors.


      Grasshopper

      • Has hairs (“sensilla”) all over the body to detect air movement.
      • Can hear up to 50,000 Hz.



      Hawk

      • Normal vision for people is 20/20. A hawk’s vision is equivalent to 20/5. This means that the hawk can see from 20 feet what most people can see from 5 feet. (Scientific American, April 2001, page 24)


      Hawk Buteo

      • Has 1 million photoreceptor per square millimeter in its retina.



      Iguana

      • Able to detect the temperature of sand within 2 degrees F. This temperature is needed for the iguana to lay its eggs.


      Jellyfish

      • The box jellyfishhas 24 eyes.(Nature, 435:201-205, 2005.)



      Mice

      • Can hear frequencies between 1,000 and 100,000 Hz. By comparison, humans can hear frequencies between 20 and 20,000 Hz.


      Star-nosed Mole

      • Uses its fleshy star nose for hunting. The Star-nosed mole has 100,000 nerve fibers that run from star to the brain. This is almost six times more than the touch receptors in the human hand.



      Mosquito

      • Attracted to host by human body odor (especially foot odor), carbon dioxide, body heat and body humidity.


      Moth

      • Noctuid Moth has a hearing range between 1,000 and 240,000 Hz.
      • Emperor Moth can detect pheromones up to 5 km. distant.
      • Silkworm Moth can detect pheromones up to 11 km. distant. This moth can detect pheromones in concentrations as low as 1 molecule of pheromone per 1017 molecules of air. A receptor cell can respond to a single molecule of the pheromone called bombykol and 200 molecules can cause a behavioral response.



      Octopus

      • Retina contains 20 million photoreceptors.
      • The eye has a flicker fusion frequency of 70/sec in bright light.
      • The pupil of the eye is rectangular.
      • Haschemoreceptors(taste receptors) on the suckers of their tentacles. By tasting this way, an octopus does not have to leave the safety of its home.


      Penguin

      • Has a flat cornea that allows for clear vision underwater. Penguins can also see into the ultraviolet range of the electromagnetic spectrum.



      Pig

      • Tongue contains 15,000 taste buds. For comparison, the human tongue has 9,000 taste buds.


      Pigeon

      • With eyes mounted laterally on their heads, pigeons can view 340 degrees…everywher e except in back of their heads.
      • Can detect sounds as low as 0.1 Hz.



      Platypus

      • Has electric sensors in its bill that can detect 0.05 microvolts. Other receptors in the bill are for touch and temperature detection.
      • The cochlea of the inner ear is coiled only a quarter of a turn. In man, the cochlea is coiled about 2.7 times.


      Rabbit

      • Tongue contains 17,000 taste buds.



      Rat

      • Has hearing range between 1,000 and 90,000 Hz.


      Seahorse

      • Each eye can move independently.



      Scallop

      • Has 100 eyes around the edge of the shell. These eyes are probably used to detect shadows of predators such as the starfish.


      Scorpion

      • Can detect air moving at only 0.072 km/hr with special hairs on its pincers.
      • Can have as many as 12 eyes.



      Shark

      • Has specialized electrosensing receptors with thresholds as low as 0.005 uV/cm. These receptors may be used to locate prey. The dogfish can detect a flounder that is buried under the sand and emitting 4 uAmp of current.
      • Some sharks can detect fish extracts as concentrations lower than one part in 10 billion.
      • Some sharks sense light directly through the skull by thepineal body.
      • The thresher shark has an eye up to 5 inches (12.5 cm) in diameter.

      The last three facts are from D.Perrine, Sharks and Rays of the World, Stillwater: Voyaguer Press, 1999.


      Snakes

      • Pit-vipers have a heat-sensitive organ between the eyes and the nostrils about 0.5 cm deep. This organ has a membrane containing 7,000 nerve endings that respond to temperature changes as small as 0.002-0.003 degrees centigrade. A rattlesnake can detect a mouse 40 cm away if the mouse is 10 degrees centigrade above the outside temperature.
      • The tongue of snakes has no taste buds. Instead, the tongue is used to bring smells and tastes into the mouth. Smells and tastes are then detected in two pits, called “Jacobson’s organs”, on the roof of their mouths. Receptors in the pits then transmit smell and taste information to the brain.
      • Snakes have no external ears. Therefore, they do not hear the music of a “snake charmer”. Instead, they are probably responding to the movements of the snake charmer and the flute. However, sound waves may travel through bones in their heads to the middle ear.
      • Snakes have no moveable eyelids. Instead, they have a clear, scale-like membrane covering the eye.



      Sparrow

      • Retina has 400,000 photoreceptors per sq. mm.


      Spider

      • Many spiders have eight eyes.



      Starfish

      • Arms covered with light sensitive cells. Light that projects on an “eyespot” on each arm causes the arm to move.

      March 16, 2009 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

      Ten Longest Bridges In World

      Ten Longest Bridges In World

      Here is a list of the ten longest bridges in the world with pictures and descriptions. Those beautiful photos are showing to us that there are no borders and everything is reachable.
      10. Seven Mile Bridge
      Image
      The Seven Mile Bridge, in the Florida Keys, runs over a channel between the Gulf of Mexico and the Florida Strait, connecting Key Vaca (the location of the city of Marathon, Florida) in the Middle Keys to Little Duck Key in the Lower Keys. Among the longest bridges in existence when it was built, it is one of the many bridges on US 1 in the Keys, where the road is called the Overseas Highway.
      9. San Mateo-Hayward Bridge
      Image
      The San Mateo-Hayward Bridge (commonly called San Mateo Bridge) is a bridge crossing California’s San Francisco Bay in the United States, linking the San Francisco Peninsula with the East Bay. More specifically, the bridge’s western end is in Foster City, the most recent urban addition to the eastern edge of San Mateo. The eastern end of the bridge is in Hayward. The bridge is owned by the state of California, and is maintained by Caltrans, the state highway agency.

      8. Confederation Bridge

      Image
      The Confederation Bridge (French: Pont de la Confédération) is a bridge spanning the Abegweit Passage of Northumberland Strait, linking Prince Edward Island with mainland New Brunswick, Canada. It was commonly referred to as the “Fixed Link” by residents of Prince Edward Island prior to its official naming. Construction took place from the fall of 1993 to the spring of 1997, costing $1.3 billion. The 12.9-kilometre (8 mi) long bridge opened on 31 May 1997.
      7. Rio-Niteroi Bridge
      Image
      The Rio-Niteroi Bridge is a reinforced concrete structure that connects the cities of Rio de Janeiro and Niteroi in Brazil.
      Construction began symbolically on August 23, 1968, in the presence of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, in their first and thus far only visit to Brazil. Actual work begun in January, 1969, and it opened on March 4, 1974.
      Its official name is “President Costa e Silva Bridge”, in honor of the Brazilian president who ordered its construction. “Rio-Niteroi” started as a descriptive nickname that soon became better known than the official name. Today, hardly anyone refers to it by its official name.
      6. Penang Bridge
      Image
      The Penang Bridge (Jambatan Pulau Pinang in Malay) E 36 is a dual-carriageway toll bridge that connects Gelugor on the island of Penang and Seberang Prai on the mainland of Malaysia on the Malay Peninsula. The bridge is also linked to the North-South Expressway in Prai and Jelutong Expressway in Penang. It was officially opened to traffic on September 14, 1985. The total length of the bridge is 13.5 km (8.4 miles), making it among the longest bridges in the world, the longest bridge in the country as well as a national landmark. PLUS Expressway Berhad is the concession holder which manages it.
      5. Vasco da Gama Bridge
      Image
      The Vasco da Gama Bridge (Portuguese: Ponte Vasco da Gama, pron. IPA: [’põt(?) ‘va?ku d? ‘g?m?]) is a cable-stayed bridge flanked by viaducts and roads that spans the Tagus River near Lisbon, capital of Portugal. It is the longest bridge in Europe (including viaducts), with a total length of 17.2 km (10.7 mi), including 0.829 km (0.5 mi) for the main bridge, 11.5 km (7.1 mi) in viaducts, and 4.8 km (3.0 mi) in dedicated access roads. Its purpose is to alleviate the congestion on Lisbon’s other bridge (25 de Abril Bridge), and to join previously unconnected motorways radiating from Lisbon.

      4. Chesapeake Bay Bridge
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      The Chesapeake Bay Bridge (commonly known as the Bay Bridge) is a major dual-span bridge in the U.S. state of Maryland; spanning the Chesapeake Bay, it connects the state’s Eastern and Western Shore regions. At 4.3 miles (7 km) in length, the original span was the world’s longest continuous over-water steel structure when it opened in 1952. The bridge is officially named the William Preston Lane, Jr. Memorial Bridge after William Preston Lane, Jr. who, as governor of Maryland, implemented its construction.
      3. King Fahd Causeway
      The King Fahd Causeway is multiple dike – bridge combination connecting Khobar, Saudi Arabia, and the island nation of Bahrain.
      Image
      A construction agreement signed on July 8, 1981 led to construction beginning the next year. The cornerstone was laid on November 11, 1982 by King Fahd of Saudi Arabia and Sheikh Isa bin Salman al-Khalifa of Bahrain; construction continued until 1986, when the combination of several bridges and dams were completed. The causeway officially opened for use on November 25, 1986.
      2. Donghai Bridge
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      Donghai Bridge (literally “East Sea Grand Bridge”) is the longest cross-sea bridge in the world and the longest bridge in Asia. It was completed on December 10, 2005. It has a total length of 32.5 kilometres (20.2 miles) and connects Shanghai and the offshore Yangshan deep-water port in China. Most of the bridge is a low-level viaduct. There are also cable-stayed sections to allow for the passage of large ships, largest with span of 420 m.
      1. Lake Pontchartrain Causeway
      Image
      The Lake Pontchartrain Causeway, or the Causeway, consists of two parallel bridges that are the longest bridges in the world by total length.[2] These parallel bridges cross Lake Pontchartrain in southern Louisiana. The longer of the two bridges is 23.87 miles (38.42 km) long. The bridges are supported by over 9,000 concrete pilings. The two bridges feature bascule spans over the navigation channel 8 miles (13 km) south of the north shore. The southern terminus of the Causeway is in Metairie, Louisiana, a suburb of New Orleans. The northern terminus is at Mandeville, Louisiana.

      March 16, 2009 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

      Futuristic Concept Gadgets

       

      These concept gadgets you see before you today, have extremely high chance of getting into production anywhere in the future. For example, Microsoft’s Surface Computing Technologycertainly tells us they are for real. Here’s some really cool concept gadgets, just concepts for now, but hopefully they’ll be implemented.

      B-membrane Laptop/Desktop

      Concept computer designed by Korean designer Won-Seok Lee. No bulky monitors, just a UFO shape system that displays screen like a projector. [via yankodesign]

      Nokia Aeon Full Screen Concept Phone

      The most prominent design feature of aeon is a touchscreen that stretches over the full surface area of the phone. [via engadget mobile]

      Napkin PC

      The Napkin PC is a multi-user, multi-interface, modular computer designed for creative professionals to collaborate and bring their greatest ideas to life. [via yankodesign]

      Cellphone Code

      This phone uses haptic technology to provide physical feedback for making a call. To turn it on…twist a section, to dial a number…twist a bunch of sections, to make an international call…break your wrist! [via yankodesign]

      Virtual Goggles

      Designed and conceived by Franz Steiner, he wondered what the personal assistant might look likein the future. [Blutsbrueder Design via Gizmodo]

      New dSLR?

      Concept of a digital camera which can be used in one hand. [perezprada via yankodesign]

      Future Internet Search

      All you need to do is point the tablet at any object and you should get search results as good as Google’s, just more interactivity. [petitinvention via behance.net]

      Sunshine Pillow

      We arent sure if it’s warm enough, but it’s good to own one. [Rei Gallery via gizmodo]

      Capsule Radio Clock

      Not rocket science, but definetely cool to get one. [sequoia-studio via tuvie]

      Info-Live Watch

      INFO Live is an data organizer for connected internet world. It is able to transfer data information to any hardware and person any moment in time of need. [via nextgendesigncomp]

      Jive for the elderly

      Jive is a range of 3 products that were designed to get elderly technophobes connected to theirfriends and family. [jive via tuvie]

      LifeMap

      Touch screen digital photo storing and organization product. [via tuvie]

      Microsoft Arc Mouse

      When you go advanced in all your computer equipments, the next best thing is to get a futuristic mouse. [via geekandhype]

      Pebble Key Port

      Designed with many slots so that user can easily group their keys into categories such as car keys, home keys or office keys. [via tuvie]

      Pixel Perfect Hour Glass

      Title says it all. A perfect gadget anyone wants to own, I suppose? [Pavel Balykin via yankodesign]

      Calliper Style Radio

      Like a precision calliper tool, 08 Radio by Mikael Silvanto lets you precisely find the station you want by sliding the entire radio unit up and down the scale. [via yankodesign]


      March 13, 2009 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment